Next Level Transmedia






The benefits of Transmedia is that it gives us storytelling on multiple devices and in multiple formats. As defined by Henry Jenkins, a transmedia story is one that “unfolds across multiple media platforms” (2006).

I can´t even begin to think of how many story worlds I´ve completely lost myself to over the years. Since it first aired in 2015, I´ve been obsessing over SKAM- A Norwegian web series which also lets the viewers follow the characters on a day to day basis through social media.

The audience for “Skam” is taking up huge pockets of Twitter and Facebook, and most especially Tumblr. The series gained international fame after the third season where the viewers followed Isak, who struggled with homosexuality. The main character in the fourth season is Sana, a teenage Muslim girl who´s struggling with balancing her day to day life and her religious belief. One of the reasons the show is so addictive is because on an everyday basis the views can interact with the characters on social media and there´s even a website which tracks all their social media activity and group conversations.

“Once people find a story world that they really like, they want to stay there for as long as they can, and transmedia is just an incredibly efficient way of catering to that desire”. – Andrea Phillips

A story can be collected and enjoyed. We emerge ourselves in these story worlds because we can comment on what we enjoy in social media. Very soon there are going to be ways for the audience to actually enter into the story in some way and participate creatively by generating content, submitting it and having it curated and perhaps become a part of the story world. The audience is going to be able to participate in more and more immersive ways.

Modern technology is allowing and facilitating this notion of interaction. I am sure Transmedia will be the future of communication.


Gaskins, K. (2012). Future of Storytelling Expert Series: a Conversation with Transmedia Creator Andrea Phillips. Available: Last accessed 31st May 2017.

Jenkins, H (2006). Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Collide. New York: New York University Press. 95.

Kickham, D. (2017). What You Need To Know About The Viral Norwegian Teen Drama Tackling Sexuality. Available: Last accessed 31st March 2017.



Hashtag is Key


80x15 by  Théo La Photo 

The definition of hashtag is simply a word or phrase preceded by a # sign.

Hashtags can expand your content reach, target your market, grow your brand, get your content found more easily and improve your SEO. When it comes to building social media campaigns, especially on Twitter and Instagram, hashtag is key.

Hashtags began trending on Twitter but are now also used on other social media sites such as Facebook, Instagram, and Google+. Hashtags enable you to categorise posts and tweets you publish. It also makes it possible for you to identify all the content that has been published on social media on a specific topic. For example, I watch a lot of debate shows and one thing that is always trending during and after the shows is their own hashtags. by clicking the hashtag I can easily follow and interact further in the public debate in the “hashtag chat”.

Anyone can make a new hashtag, but not everyone can make their hashtag start trending. So how can you use your hashtag more efficiently?

Whatever your message might be, sum it up in one word. It´s crucial that you search the hashtags you know your customers or followers are using online. Go on social media to find out what people are talking about. Visit the different sites where people are using those hashtags and start to engage in conversations.

If you want to create and use your own hashtag ask people to use it in their content. you can´t own a hashtag because people are free to use is however they please. To encourage people to use your hashtag start listening to them. Everyone’s biggest fear is not to be heard at all. If you give people the opportunity by saying `use this hashtag and we´ll respond to you´ they will value you for that.

To promote your hashtag add it in your site banner, in your ads, and in your profile description.

Click here to find out what hashtags are being used for what.

How do you track the performance of your hashtag?

This tool will show you how much engagement your hashtags has received. Whether it´s positive, negative or neutral. It will also tell you how many people saw your hashtag, their geolocation etc.

If you create your own hashtag you will benefit by attracting more relevant users to join your conversation. As your hashtag becomes more and more popular you online reach will grow.



Loren, T. (2017). The Ultimate Guide to Instagram Hashtags in 2017. Available: Last accessed 30th May 2017.

Moritz, D. (2014). How to Encourage Fans to Create and Share Visual Content. Available: Last accessed 30th May 2017.

-. (-). Definition of hashtag in English:. Available: Last accessed 29th May 2017.

-. (-). 3 Key Hashtag Strategies: How to Market your Business & Content. Available: Last accessed 29th May 2017.

A Gaming World Gone Wrong


You say Virtual Reality, I say Black Mirror.

These days you need a lot of advanced and expensive equipment if you want the full VR experience.

People are keen on technology and would use any excuse to take a break from their own boring or hectic lives. The reality is that we´re already interacting more with our devices than with each other (Anderson & Rainie 2010).

This got me thinking of an episode of season 3 of Black Mirror. The episode is called “playtest”. To sum up the storyline from IMDb: An American traveler short on cash signs up to test a revolutionary new gaming system, but soon can’t tell where the hoot game ends and reality begins.

Cooper (The protagonist) mysteriously loses all his money and sees an opportunity to earn some fast cash by taking on a game testing role for the big SaitoGemu Company. Cooper is taken to a cold white room, which is where he will be conducting the testing- playing a video game where he is to conquer his biggest fears. The VR experience is downloaded directly into his consciousness through a micro device which is injected into his brain. The technology inserted in Coopers’ brain makes him see things that aren’t really there. When the game begins he is not capable of distinguishing what is real and what is augmented reality.  The technology is playing with his mind and his senses.

Playtest shows a disturbing vision of the future of video games and how far VR can go. Futurist Ray Kurzweil predicts we’ll be closer to the Matrix-type VR experiences in 20–25 years

But will Black Mirror become reality someday?

I would say that a similar scenario could realistically play out in the future. It really makes me think of some “What if” scenarios. Both mind control and VR exists, so a fusion between those two is not entirely unimaginable for the future of VR. It is scary, but it is possible. This scenario might just happen, in a dystopian future, not too far from now.



Anderson, J. & Rainie, L.. (2010). The future of social relations. Available: Last accessed 16th May 2017.

Baer, D. (2015). The world’s most famous futurist just explained why VR will be important when people live forever. Available: Last accessed 16th May 2017.

-. (-). Virtual Reality. Available: Last accessed 20th May 2017.

-. (2016). Playtest . Available: Last accessed 23rd May 2017.

-. (2011). Black Mirror. Available: Last accessed 17th May.


Practice- Led Research

Digital Story Website

Digital Story Proposal Website

Social Media Profiles:     Twitter Instagram Facebook YouTube

The Issue: Brand Considerations

An issue that concerned me during the digital story project was our choice of platform. From the very beginning, we were set on making a web documentary series on YouTube, where the first episode would be our 90-second video on the penalty rate cut. As things turned out, we ended up adjusting our whole approach to the assignment and made a website that would function as our new platform. We leaned more towards the direction of Vice Magazine and our concept went from being a web series to becoming a news site.

When you upload to YouTube, you can’t control the perception the consumer has of your brand. Often, “related videos” will show your competitors, and the YouTube logo will always be on your video player. Related videos shown after your video ends may lead traffic to a competitor’s site instead of your company’s. There’s really no unique branding available on the YouTube platform unless you spend a lot of money to become a Partner, and even then you’ll have to deal with ads in some form (Archer 2014).

Since the theme was cultural differences, all of a sudden it wasn´t only the penalty rate cut we had to worry about. After converting into a news site, we had to come up with more content about cultural differences.

The task of not just creating content, but creating content that resonates with your readers, is a critical but difficult task to master.

As Neil Patel writes content marketing is also about using the best tools out there to promote your valuable content, in order to attract and retain customers.

Therefore we´re also relying on our social media sites to promote our website to solve the issue.


Archer, D. (2014). CUSTOMER EXPERIENCE: YouTube vs. Hosting on Your Own Site. Available: Last accessed 29th May 2017.

Patel, N. (-). How to Create Better Content For Your Customers. Available: Last accessed 28th May 2017.

Wainwright, C. (2012). How to Create Content That Actually Resonates With Your Readers. Available: Last accessed 29th May 2017.






Digital Story: Peer Review


A good concept where they play one song to a bunch of people with different nationalities. Many people, many opinions and so little time to tell it. The fast-paced editing and use of 2 shot were very impressive and it solved what could have been a problem with this type of reaction video. I liked how they played the song in the background while the people gave their answers. It saved time but it also gave it a better overall feeling. The only thing I would pick on that really annoyed me while watching this clip was the bright red face on the poster positioned right behind the interviewees. It draws the attention away from the actual focus. I would suggest running the background through PS and colour grade, maybe even manipulate the bright red to make it less `out there´. Except that, my opinion is that the group has done very well.


With Children

This project is about a child being bullied at school because she come from another country and she´s struggling with the English language. Absolutely heartbreaking and because the interviewee is a child it gets even more emotional. It´s a strong story. The fact that the interview is shot at the girls’ school could have raised some concerns since it involves children, but they´ve solved it well by not filming any of the other kids and still managed to make the visual work. What I am missing from this project is a strong social media strategy. From what I heard it´s being published in an Arabic newspaper. Bullying is a global problem and I believe ´With Children´ has the potential to reach a much broader audience if they use the power of Twitter, Facebook, Vimeo and YouTube for publishing.


Risky Business in the App Stores



Smartinsight: Percent time spent on mobile apps 2016.


The world is mobile and applications are for people on the go. Mobile apps have revolutionised the way we use our smartphones. These days we have an app for everything. In this post, I will discuss some of the risky sides of downloading mobile apps. I Myself have over 75 Apps on my iPhone. Most of them I´ve had for years and they are hardly ever used.

The number of apps continues to grow. As of March 2017, according to Statista, Android users were able to choose between 2.8 million apps while Apple’s App Store remained the second-largest app store with 2.2 million available apps.

“Applications for mobile platforms are being developed at a tremendous rate, but often without proper security implementation. Insecure mobile applications can cause serious information security and data privacy issues and can have severe repercussions on users and organisations alike.”

The mentality of the developers is to build more apps before the competitors build them. Security isn´t thought off.

“Application risk is increasing because we’re doing more and more applications on our devices,” – Chris Wysopal, CTO and Cofounder of Veracode.

Every time you´re adding an application to your device there´s a potential risk that the app either has malicious functionality with intend to trick you into downloading what you see but instead you´re getting something you didn´t ask for. It could also be a poorly coded app which leaks information because of the way it transfers and stores data in the clear and sends your private information up to an add network. The developer thinks they´re doing a good job, but they´re actually putting your data at risk, Wysopal goes on.

If the developer doesn´t build the app correctly the operating system isn´t going to protect the user. In other words; all the data on your device, personal data, your address book, your photos etc. is at risk.

Apps shouldn´t be able to access contact information without disclosing it first with the user. When you download an App you agree to the terms and conditions to let the app access other parts of your phone. Have you ever asked yourself why a simple gaming or weather app needs access to your Wi-Fi, contact list or camera?

The more apps you add to you phone the higher risk you put yourself in.

After researching this topic it´s safe to say that the number of apps on my phone has rapidly decreased.


Jain, A.K. & Shanbhag, D.. (2012). Addressing Security and Privacy Risks in Mobile Applications. Available: Last accessed 23rd May 2017.

Spark, D. (2012). The Causes of Mobile Application Risk. Available: Last accessed 24th May.

-. (2017). Number of apps available in leading app stores as of March 2017. Available: Last accessed 21st May 2017.

Security issues with IoT





The Internet Of Things (IoT) refers to devices that collect and transmit data via the internet. But how does the IOT impact our security?

Anything that can be connected, will be connected. In 2008, there were already more objects connected to the internet than people. By 2020 there will be an estimated 50-200 billion connected devices,  According to Behmann & Wu.

Spamming is already a widely known problem on the Internet and could also affect the IoT. For example, criminals could change EPCs, so that tags point to banner ads instead of an ONS server, which would result in revenue for the spammer for each tag read (Weber & Weber 2010).

“As an industry, the IoT has failed to make it clear that if you put software on something attackable and connect it, it’s exposed. We have to aggressively and sanely excel the benefits of connected devices, while mitigating the risks. If we move too fast in developing new IoT applications, but don’t make security a paramount consideration, we’re leaving ourselves vulnerable for massive breaches with massive consequences.”

With billions of devices connected together security becomes a big issue.

The IoT holds great promise for cybercriminals who can use our homes´ routers, televisions, refrigerators, and other Internet-connected devices to launch large and distributed attacks. Internet-enabled devices represent an enormous threat because they are easy to penetrate, consumers have little incentive to make them more secure, the rapidly growing number of devices can send malicious content almost undetected, few vendors are taking steps to protect against this threat, and the existing security model simply will not work to solve the problem (Behmann & Wu 2015). Do not buy devices which have default passwords. Once you connect the device is exposed on the internet so anyone could find an address to a machine and connect to it and do whatever they please.

All IoT devices should have authentication. The password needs to be unique for every device so only the owner can log into it. Every IoT device should use encryption while uploading to the cloud, sharing data etc. so only the people that are meant to are getting the information. Protect your privacy. we don´t want these IoT devices to reveal things about where they are or who the owner is and how long they´ve been running. That sort of information needs to be hidden so only the right people can see it.

Attacks launched using IoT devices

We´ve already heard stories of Malware which searches for IoT devices and tries to take them over. Why is it so simple to do this? Computers have built-in security features, they have firewalls and antiviruses. But all these IoT devices have no security what so ever and most of them have a default access. In other words, the same set of password for all the devices from the manufacturer. If I buy a coffee maker and connect it to my Wi-Fi my new IoT device is exposed to the internet. Every IoT device has some sort of mini-computer inside it. Hackers are able to take over and use the device to launch DDoS attacks. Therefore, reasonable security measures need to be made.



Behmann, F & Wu, K (2015). Collaborative Internet of Things (C-IoT): For Future Smart Connected Life and Business. United Kingdom: John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 7-36.

Beaver, K & Rouse, M. (-). distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack. Available: Last accessed 13th May 2017.

Hanson, J. (2015). Internet of Things Security Risks and Challenges. Available: Last accessed 11th May 2017.

Weber, R.H. & Weber , R (2010). Internet of Things Legal Perspectives . London, New York: Springer. 44.

-. (2016). DDoS Attack Against Dyn Managed DNS Incident Report for Dyn, Inc.. Available: Last accessed 12th May 2017.

-. (-). Big Data and the Internet of Things. Available: Last accessed 12th May 2017.

User Experience: The Power of Colour

The meaning and understanding of colours are different from culture to culture. This is written from a western-centric view.

As we are scrolling through websites we are searching for the next thing, by looking for something new to click.  Therefore, it´s important to make what´s clickable visible.  Krug writes “As we scan a page, we´re looking for a variety of visual cues that identify things as clickable- things like shape (buttons), location (in a menu bar, for instance), and formatting (colour and underlining).” No matter form or location it must be stressed; the colour plays a significant role.

“Use of color is extremely important in your marketing materials and especially your branding. Psychologists have noted that the impression from color can account for up to 60% of the decision to accept or reject a product or service.”

Designers spend a lot of time considering the different colour combinations used on their websites. The right combination appeals to the mass audience in a very pleasant manner. One can say that colours speak louder than words.

Emotions are associated with different colours. For instance, red is the most stimulating colour. Red represents determination, power, danger, passion, love etc. The colour brings text and images to the foreground and it stimulates people to make quick decisions (Fiore 2010). In other words; quicker purchases.

Also, consider the fact that 5 percent of women and 8 percent of men has some sort of colour blindness. The red/green colour blindness is the most common. Therefore it´s wise to use strong contrast red/green colours.

However you choose your design, do not underestimate the power of colour. Colour is used to improve web design and user experience. It´s used to impact emotion, draw attention and make visitors make purchases.

The colours used in a website should be based on the type of industry and the theme to make it more expressive. Colours interacting with each other can have a whole different meaning than single colours together. The use of right colours, coupled with the right use of designing and branding, can help your brand reach to the whole new levels of notoriety.


Brown, E. (2014). [INFOGRAPHIC]: Color your Brand Industry-wisely!. Available: Last accessed 4th May 2017.

Fiore, A.M. (2010). Understanding Aesthetics for the Merchandising and Design Professional: The Elements and principles of Design. 2nd ed. New York: Fairchild Books. 164.

Krug, S (2014). Don’t Make Me Think, Revisited: A Common Sense Approach to Web Usability. America: New Riders. 36-37.

-. (-). Color Meaning. Available: Last accessed 3rd May 2017.

-. (-). Colour Blindness. Available: Last accessed 10th May 2017.

-. (-). The Psychology of Color. Available: Last accessed 4th May 2017.

#7 Deconstructing The Diner Scene from Natural Born Killers

For this prompt, I will discuss and deconstruct the diner scene from one of my favourite movies Natural Born Killers, directed by Oliver Stone. NBK follows two messed up lovers, Mickey (Woody Harrelson) and Mallory Knox (Juliette Lewis), on a murder spree through America. It´s a psychotic satire of how the mass media romanticise and glorify serial killers.

In the diner scene, the camera tracks the characters at a canted angle and there´s constant floating Dutch angles. Throughout the entire movie, there not a single perfectly angled shot. Special effects used in the editorial technique such as repeated action and distorted faces is also seen throughout the film. The switch from black and white to colour gives a sense of parallel worlds. Reality and imagination. It could also represent a right versus wrong in how the media portrays serial killers.

The first scene is shot in colour outside the diner, with a high angle wide shot and Dutch-style angle tilting down. The truck breaking down might symbolise no escape. The music switches from Leonard Cohen´s ´waiting for the miracle´ to a more upbeat tone.

Wide shot zoomed into a medium wide shot from a low angle of the two rednecks entering the diner. The camera switches over to Mallory from the rednecks´ POV. She´s dancing in a Medium wide shot which zooms out a bit. Next shot is a MS from a low angle and Mallory dances out of the frame. The angle is canted in every scene. Next shot is in black and white. The Camera zooms out and back in from a MS to a close up in a Dutch angle. Mallory is still dancing and there is a lot of camera movement. Next frame switches back to colour and is a MS which zooms in on the rednecks checking out Mallory while making sleazy remarks. The rednecks face gets distorted before it cuts to next scene.

New frame the rednecks are walking towards the camera. A dirty over the shoulder with a Dutch tilt shot from behind the counter. Next frame takes us back to Mallory dancing. It´s a MS which zooms out a bit when one of the cowboys joins in on the dance. The angle is canted.

Next frame is a MCU of the other redneck sitting at the bar. The camera tracks out and to the right and stops at Mickey who is holding up a newspaper. We cannot see Mickey´s face which creates a sense of danger. At 00:48 one can read the front page of the newspaper “Mickey and Mallory Kill Six Teens During Slumber Party”.

demonZooms out to a MS where Mickeys face is revealed. The angle is tilted. Bright toxic green is contrasted against some of the action within the scene. The next shot is an extreme close-up of Mickey in black and white cut to a red filtered glow MS flashing glimpse of Mickey looking demonic covered in blood. Cuts back to a black and white close-up in slow-mo.

Cuts to a Dutch angled B/W CU of the redneck dancing. Cut to a MS of Mallory and the rednecks lower bodies where he is sexually harassing her. Next frame is a coloured high angle MS of the toxic green pie. cut to a tilted close-up of the jukebox, also toxic green. A cut between the pie and the jukebox. In the next shots one can see the toxic green colour of the key lime pie and the jukebox. Oliver Stone and cinematographer Robert Richardson used green in the film to denote sickness of the mind. It´s also seen in the drug store scene and in the prison riot.

Next shot a black and white close-up of the redneck laughing while swinging his beer in the air. Extreme close up of the record in the jukebox stops spinning. Cut back to black and white a wide MS of Mallory and the redneck. The music stops and there´s dialogue between the two rednecks commenting on Mallory.

Cut to a close-up colour shot of Mickey taking a bite of his pie. He seems to be following the situation closely. Next shot is black and white a dirty over the shoulder wide shot of Mallory and the redneck standing in front of her from Mickey´s POV.  She puts on a new record. Cut to a close-up colour shot of the jukebox.

Cut to a black and white mid-close up of the redneck taking a sip of his beer. Music starts playing “L7‘s Shit List” synced with him getting a bottle smashed in his face. Cut to a wide colour shot of Mallory hitting him in the face. Again and again.

Next shot a mid-close up of the redneck at the bar watching the fight taking a sip of his beer. Cut back to a canted wide shot of Mallory and the dancing redneck. Next shot is in black and white. A Dirty over the shoulder MS tracking Mallory into the next shot, still B/W where she keeps on hitting and screaming in a variety of unusual angles and close ups.

Next frame in colour a wide shot of Mallory beating the shit out of him. cut to an extreme close-up in B/W of Mickey following the situation closely.

Cut to a coloured Dutch tilted medium- wide shot of Mallory smashing a bottle in the redneck’s head. Next shot a close up of the waitress with a tired-of-this-shit look in her face. Cut back to Dutch tilted wide shot of the fight. Next frame is again B/W a canted close up of Mallory with a perfect cut to the next coloured wide shot of the fight. The colour and angles change wildly and rapidly throughout the scene. It´s a continuously shot which switched to a B/W MS when she kicks the redneck and he falls back towards the camera. The fight continues in B/W and there´s a lot of camera movement. Cuts to different MS shots with Dutch tilt and canted angles.

Cut to a colour shot of the other redneck drinking beer while eagerly watching the fight. Cut to a high angle B/W of the fight to an extreme close up to a low angle MS when she kicks him cuts to a coloured extreme close-up of blood being splattered on table and walls.

Next scene is a B/W medium-wide shot of Mickey and the redneck at the counter. Red neck gets up Mickey follows. The camera turns and the next shot is a low angle MS of the redneck calling Mickey a son of a bitch. Cuts to a MS dirty over the shoulder of Mickey and a sound of a knife slice.

Cut to low angled close up of the redneck cut to an extreme close-up of Mickey looking down. Next is a high angled colour shot of a bloody finger on the redneck´s shoe. Cuts to B/W eye level of foot shaking the finger off. Next frame is a close up of Mickey cuts to a low angled colour MS off Mickey going at him with the knife again. Black and white close of when he slits his throat and face.

Cut to a canted wide shot of the action in both fights. Cut to B/W close up of the waitress´ shocked face. Next scene is a low angled close up of Mickey and the redneck in colour cut to a canted moving B/W wide shot of the whole situation.

Next shot is also B/W a Dutch tilted long shot of Mickey facing the cook behind the counter. Next is a gunshot followed by the bullet´s POV Heading fast toward the cooks face. The audience is the weapon. The bullet stops a floats right in front of the cook´s eyes cut to MS of blood splashing up against the wall and a scream.

Cut to a CU of the redneck being pushed through the window. Mallory grabs him and drags him back in wide shot low angle she´s standing up screaming: “How sexy am I now?” Cut to eye-level MWS of Mickey.

Next a MS from Mickey´s POV of the third redneck standing outside looking in. Cut to Mickey. Dutch tilted shot of Mickey throwing his knife towards the camera. A Wide shot following the knives POV in Slow-Mo companied by the voice of a female opera singer for a dramatic effect.

Next is a MS to an extreme close up with the camera tilting down when the third redneck falls to the ground. Cut to a low angled coloured wide shot of Mallory jumping on the redneck lying on the floor´s POV. Cut to B/W. the action shifts dramatically between B/W and full colour and the angles are shifting intensely between high and low, canted and Dutch tilting, MS and wide shots, Cross-cutting and parallel.

Next shot is a canted medium-wide shot to MS of Mickey taking a bite of his pie. Cut to a wide shot tracking Mallory. Back to a wide shot of Mickey emptying the cash register. Next is a Dutch tilted low angled side shot of Mallory shouting. MS of Mallory leaving the frame. Wide shot with Dutch tilt of Mickey. Mallory enters the frame. She jumps Mickey. He spins her while the camera also spins. She starts shouting pointing down the right of the frame. The camera tracks out to where she was pointing. A wide shot of the waitress trying to escape. The camera is canted and tracking the waitress as she moves further back into the diner.

A tilted wide shot where Mallory is playing a sick version of Eeny, meeny, miny, moe to see who gets to live to tell the tale of Mickey and Mallory. The camera is now cutting back and forth MS of Mallory´s fingers POV and the waitress and the cowboys POV. The cracking sound of the teapot about to burst adds more suspense to this scene. MS from Mickey´s POV. He shoots the waitress and the squidling sound of the teapot stops.

Next shot is also from Mickey´s POV: A MWS of the Cowboy with his hands in the air. MCU of Mickey blowing the smoke off his gun, which gives the viewer an American vibe. Back to a MS of the cowboy. Cut to a MS of Mickey and Mallory from the cowboys POV walking towards him. Cut to CU followed by ECU of the cowboy. Repeated shots. Mallory´s talking. Camera tracks to Mallory and back to the cowboy. Follows the dialogue. Cut to a MS of all three of them. The camera zooms continuously in and out. And the shots shift between Close ups of the cowboy and MS of Mickey lifting Mallory and spinning her around.

The image switches from B/W to colour and from there the scene is romanticised. Low angled MS of Mickey and Mallory kissing and dancing. The lights are dimmed and a romantic song starts playing. Like they´re the only people in the world. The light is red and glowing and the scene ends with fireworks on the wall which is probably showing their imagination of it all. Could the colours represent two realities?


#4.1 Sound Design


While reading Sound Design, the first point that intrigued me was how Alten described sound as an emotional, perceptual and physical force. Sound can excite feeling, convey meaning, and, if it is loud enough, resonate the body. Sound is everywhere. Sound is attention demanding (Alten 1994).

Alten touches on how we speak of “watching” movies. It is true that we in a way take sound for granted. But not fully. Personally, and for as long as I can remember, sound and music has played an important role in my everyday life. I´ve always been aware of the power of sound. When it comes to movies, to me, the sound is as important as the visual part. I´m more scared of listening to movies than I am watching them. Up till this day, I´ve sat through countless off horror and thriller films with my hands over my ears in a desperate attempt to block all sound from coming in. But a funny thing is; I hardly ever cover my eyes, because without the sound the images don’t scare me.

Sound affects the mood or feeling of words and sentences (Alten 1994). That´s another thing I am intrigued by and always keep in mind while writing stories; The aural mood of words and sentences. The sounds in each word not only contribute to the overall meaning but are contained in the other words to enhance further the mood of the line.

As an example, Alten demonstrates a line written by the poet Robert Lowell “Waves crashed against the rocks” and “Waves hit upon the boulders.” These two sentences mean the same thing, but they sound completely different. The first sentence I would definitely think to use, because it has more power to it, exactly what I associate with waves and rocks. The second one would never even crossed my mind because the words don’t impact me as much. As a native Norwegian, I find my knowledge of the English vocabulary and phraseology quite restricted. Because of that I easily fall into the trap of using clichés. Something that I would rather avoid.


Alten, S. Audio in media, (p. 5-12, p. 266-286). Belmont: Wadsworth, 1994.